Stopsmog

Educational campaign

The main objective of the project is to plan and implement a number of communication activities so as to efficiently carry out the tasks with regard to raising public environmental awareness, as well as to enhance social pro-active attitudes. In this context, communication means all the information, promotion and education provided with the intention of supporting public understanding for vital activities concerning environmental protection. We focus on encouragement of pro-ecological attitudes in view of the projects aimed at reducing low emissions, including the effects of implemented programs and relevant activities. Essentially, our goal is to convey reliable and comprehensive information using carefully selected communication channels.

Our assumption is that the education/promotion campaign carried out has been extensive enough to strengthen public environmental awareness as well as permanently influence further cascading broadcast of appropriate attitudes in local communities and thereby mitigate negative responses to putting into effect necessary legal regulations on decreasing impacts of low emissions, and above all – SO2, NOx, CO2 and atmospheric particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5) .

Origin of smog

Two factors acting at the same time take part in the process of smog formation: high air pollution and no air motion, which causes that harmful gases and dust, so to speak – “are suspended” over the city.

At least two types of smog are distinguished: photochemical and classical. Photochemical smog is air pollution containing ozone and other reactive chemical compounds formed by the action of sunlight. This smog type hardly ever occurs in Poland as it is formed under the conditions of higher temperatures (25-35°C) and almost no wind at all. Photochemical smog occurs in congested with traffic, hot climate cities, with lots of sunny days.

Sources of air pollution in Poland

There must be admitted, the air we breathe in Poland has ever been of poor quality, even with numerous pro-ecological investments implemented in Poland for last 30 years, at the industrial and municipal levels.

Heating furnaces in our homes are responsible for 88.21% of harmful gas and dust emissions. In view of this low emission amount, Poland’s road transport, which produces 5.77% of air pollutants does not seem like a huge problem. Other sources involved in smog formation over the cities are emissions of dust pollution from roads and streets, or else – lawn mowing (2.98%). The industry (1.84% of dusts and gases) and the influx of harmful substances from abroad (1.17%) play a minor role in the formation of smog, and non-anthropogenic sources (0.03%) have imperceptible effects.

What do we burn in home boilers?

Pollutants emitted by households result mainly from the fact that the boilers (the so-called “smokers”) used for heating in hundreds of thousands houses in Poland do not meet the essential combustion standards. What is more – Poles use poor quality fuels and harmful waste in their heaters.

Heating furnaces in our homes are responsible for 88.21% of harmful gas and dust emissions. In view of this low emission amount, Poland’s road transport, which produces 5.77% of air pollutants does not seem like a huge problem. Other sources involved in smog formation over the cities are emissions of dust pollution from roads and streets, or else – lawn mowing (2.98%). The industry (1.84% of dusts and gases) and the influx of harmful substances from abroad (1.17%) play a minor role in the formation of smog, and non-anthropogenic sources (0.03%) have imperceptible effects.

How to control low emissions

Improving air quality is a joint task of the State and local governments. The main target is to reduce low emissions.

First of all, smog affects the Upper Silesia agglomeration and the Małopolska area. That is why the voivodship authorities in this regions adopted resolutions on restricting the use of poor quality heating installations. Anti-smog resolutions assume a successive replacement of the so-called “smokers” to legally recommended heating boilers of the class 5 (standard PN-EN 303-5:2012) or those meeting EU standards. The second action is to ban the use of waste fuels, i.e. coal-water slurry and products based on coal suspension obtained in flotation processes, lignite and biomass with a moisture content above 20%. The ban applies to heating installations up to 1 MW. The replacement will be co-financed by the voivodship self-government and municipalities. Similar programs are announced by cities in other Poland’s voivodships.